Comprehensive Cardiac Services at Knox Heart Centre

Knox Private Hospital is the largest and most established private hospital in the eastern region of Victoria specializing in diagnostic, elective and emergency cardiovascular care, including open heart surgery, 24/7.

Diagnostic cardiac services are available onsite at Knox Heart Centre. Interventional cardiac procedures are performed in our cardiac catheter laboratory, with a second state of the art laboratory opening in August 2020 (it will be newest interventional catheterization lab in Eastern Victoria).  An additional hybrid theatre, with Cath Lab capabilities is available to provide further Interventional support. Cardiothoracic surgery (open heart surgery) is performed in one of the 15 operating theatres on-site.

Knox Private Hospital has over 30 years’ experience in cardiac care and treat approximately 200 patients a month. Knox Private Hospital has had one of the fastest door to balloon times in the state and consistently performs very well in this area to achieve the best possible patient outcomes. Reducing the Door to balloon time (the time from when a patient arrives at the hospital to the time in which they have been treated by an Interventional Cardiologist) significantly reducing the risk of increased heart damage.

Heart disease often involves more than one medical condition and requires a team of medical specialist who to manage and treat the disease on a whole. Knox Private has one of the largest teams of  team visiting echo-cardiologists, interventional cardiologists, electrophysiologists and cardiothoracic surgeons, in Eastern Victoria who work together to provide seamless patient care.

Our cardiology service is staffed around the clock with  medical support and nursing teams throughout our dedicated cardiology and cardiothoracic patient wards, coronary care unit and intensive care unit.  Cardiac rehabilitation programs are delivered at The Victorian Rehabilitation Centre, who are part of the broader Healthscope network. 

Diagnostic Cardiology

On-site investigations and testing is available at Knox Heart Centre. To book an appointment please call 9210 7060.

Our experienced team of cardiologists and cardiac technicians conduct:


A non-invasive ultrasound test used to assess the structure and function of the heart.

Treadmill Stress Echocardiogram

A non-invasive ultrasound test to assess coronary arteries by imaging the heart function at rest and immediately after exercise on the treadmill. Please allow 45 minutes for this test.

Transoesophageal Echocardiogram

A specialised test using an ultrasound probe placed in the oesophagus while under sedation, to image in the heart.

24 hr Ambulatory Holter Monitoring

A non-invasive test to monitor you heart rate and rhythm over a 24 hour period. Please allow 15 minutes to have the Holter monitor fitted. Holter monitor to be returned 24 hours after the initial appointment.

Diagnostic Imaging in collaboration with Health Care Imaging, Knox Private Hospital:

  • Coronary Calcium Scoring / IVP
  • Low dose CT Angiography & Cardiac CT
  • Doppler
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • Peripheral Vascular Ultrasound

Cardioversion (DCR) is a day procedure performed to convert an abnormal heart rhythm (atrial fibrillation) to normal heart rhythm (sinus rhythm).

Coronary angiography is a minimally invasive x-ray procedure performed in the cardiac catheterisation laboratory using x-ray dye or contrast injected into the coronary arteries, and can identify narrowed or blocked coronary arteries and abnormalities of the heart muscle and heart valves.

Coronary angioplasty – known as PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, is a minimally invasive procedure performed in the cardiac catheterisation laboratory to open closed or narrowed coronary arteries supplying the heart muscle, using a balloon procedure and stent implantation to restore blood flow.

Heart valve implantation is performed for high risk, elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis (narrowing of the heart’s aortic valve), whereby a new aortic valve is implanted in the same location as the diseased valve, avoiding the need for conventional open heart surgery.

An Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is a small electronic device that is inserted under the skin in the upper chest/shoulder area with special wires passed through a vein into the heart chambers. It senses dangerously abnormal heart rhythms and delivers pacing or a small shock to restore normal heart rhythm when required.

Percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) is a minimally invasive procedure performed in the cardiac catheterisation laboratory to reduce the overgrowth of heart muscle associated with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.

Transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) is a semi-invasive ultrasound imaging of the heart under light sedation via a transducer placed in the oesophagus which enables closer and much clearer views of the heart muscle, heart valves and the sac around the heart.

A balloon valvuloplasty procedure is performed minimally invasively in the cardiac catheterisation laboratory to open narrowed or stenosed heart valves including the aortic valve (aortic valvuloplasty) and the mitral valve (mitral valvuloplasty).

  • A pacemaker (PPM) is a small electronic device that is inserted under the skin in the upper chest/shoulder area with connecting wires passed through a vein to the heart. The pacemaker senses if the heart rhythm is abnormally slow allowing stimulation of heart activity when required.
  • Implantation of pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), including biventricular pacing devices for the treatment of advanced heart failure
  • Trans-telephonic monitoring
  • Laser-assisted lead extraction of chronic infected or non-functional devices
  • Catheter-based ablation for complex supraventricular and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, using state-of-the-art mapping systems, intracardiac echocardiography, and pulsed fluoroscopy, all of which limit radiation exposure.
  • Coronary bypass surgery (CAGs), including total arterial grafting (coronary artery bypass graft - CABG) and off-pump surgery
  • Cardiac valve repair & replacement
  • Reconstruction/ replacement of the thoracic aorta, including the arch
  • Radio frequency ablation for life-threatening arrhythmias
  • Correction of congenital cardiac abnormalities in adults

Cardiac rehabilitation programs are offered at The Victorian Rehabilitation Centre (VRC)

The program is designed to educate, recondition and improve functional confidence with increased endurance for patients following cardiac pathology or surgery.

VRC inpatient (Phase I) and outpatient (Phase II) comprehensive rehabilitation services.

The cardiac rehabilitation team, comprising of Rehabilitation Physicians, specialised nursing staff and allied health professionals, develop a tailored cardiac management plan tailored to your needs.

The goals of cardiac rehabilitation include:

  • Maximising physical, psychological, and social recovery
  • Minimising the progression of coronary artery disease
  • Reducing risk factors and adopting a healthier lifestyle
  • Successful return to work, home and recreational activities

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